Unlocking the Mystery: Revealing Lima’s Annual Rainfall and Its Unexpected Impact!

Lima receives very little rainfall throughout the year, with an average annual precipitation of about 9 millimeters. However, the city experiences a phenomenon called “garúa,” which is a light mist or drizzle that occurs during the winter months.

Detailed response question

Lima, the capital city of Peru, is known for its dry and arid climate. The amount of rainfall in Lima is quite minimal, with an average annual precipitation of about 9 millimeters. However, despite the low amount of rainfall, the city experiences a unique weather phenomenon called “garúa.” Garúa refers to a light mist or drizzle that occurs during the winter months, creating a damp and foggy atmosphere.

This distinctive weather pattern in Lima has been described by locals and travelers alike. In the words of Peruvian writer Mario Vargas Llosa, “Garúa is an essential element of the coastal landscape, that diffuse humidity, which condenses in a pigment barely perceived but very persistent.” The presence of garúa adds a touch of mystery and charm to the city’s climate, creating a poetic backdrop for its vibrant culture and historical sites.

Intriguing facts about Lima’s rainfall patterns:

  1. Desert climate: Lima is located in the desert region of Peru, known as the Atacama Desert. As a result, the city experiences scarce rainfall throughout the year.

  2. Extremely dry summers: The summer months in Lima, from December to April, are characterized by almost no rainfall at all. Instead, the city enjoys long periods of sunny and warm weather.

  3. Winter phenomenon: The garúa mist typically occurs from May to October, which corresponds to the winter season in Lima. During this time, the city’s average temperature drops, and the misty drizzle provides a respite from the arid conditions.

  4. Impact on vegetation: The limited rainfall, combined with the garúa mist, influences the plant life in Lima. The city is home to numerous species of cacti and succulents that have adapted to survive in the dry climate.

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To provide a comprehensive overview of Lima’s rainfall, here is a table showcasing the average monthly precipitation throughout the year:

Month Precipitation (mm)
January 0.5
February 0.5
March 0.5
April 0.5
May 0.5
June 0.5
July 0.2
August 0.2
September 0.2
October 0.2
November 0.2
December 0.5

Please note that these values are approximate and may slightly vary from year to year. Nonetheless, it is evident that Lima receives very little rainfall across all months of the year, emphasizing its dry climate and the significance of the garúa phenomenon.

I discovered more data

During the year, there is virtually no rainfall in Lima. According to the Köppen-Geiger classification, the prevailing climate in this region is categorized as BWh. The average temperature in Lima is 18.9 °C | 66.1 °F. The annual precipitation in this location is approximately 203 mm | 8.0 inch.

Response video to “How much does it rain in Lima?”

The unique climate of Lima, Peru is characterized by mild temperatures, rolling fogs, and very little rain, despite being located in the tropics. The Andes mountains and the Humboldt ocean current create stable atmospheric conditions that prevent rain formation. Despite its desert-like climate, Lima has managed to provide water for its needs through underground springs and rivers sourced from the Andes. Remote communities along the coast have even resorted to collecting fog droplets to obtain clean water. Lima, with its unusual climate, has become one of the largest cities in the world.

Facts about the topic

Theme Fact: San Francisco church and its monastery are most famous for their catacombs containing the bones of about 10,000 people interred here when this was Lima’s first cemetery. Below the church is a maze of narrow hallways, each lined on both sides with bones.
Topic fact: Lima is the capital of Peru and the country’s largest and most populous city, as well as the third largest in Latin America, behind Sao Paulo in Brazil and Mexico City in Mexico. It overlooks the Pacific Ocean in the centre of Peru and together with the port of Callao forms the Lima Metropolitan Area, with a population of more than 10 million.
Topic fact: Quechua is the native language that’s spoken in the country and Lima city. This makes Quechua the second most common language in Peru because it is spoken by about 13% of the population. Quechua was Inca’s language and it is mainly dominant in central and highland regions of Peru.

Moreover, people are interested

Does it rain a lot in Lima Peru?
Real rainfall is extremely rare in Lima, making the Peruvian metropolis after Kairo the second driest capital in the world. However, while it practically never really rains in Lima, you still have precipitation in the form of mist or light drizzles, especially in the winter months.
How much rain does Lima get per year?
Pacific coastal desert

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Location Latitude Annual precipitation
Talara 4.58° S 26 mm (1.0 in)
Lima 12.05° S 16 mm (0.63 in)
Tacna 18.01° S 18 mm (0.71 in)


What is the rainiest month in Lima Peru?
December to March is especially rainy, with January and February being the wettest months. During this time, temperatures are somewhat milder between 64°F to 68°F (18°C-20°C), and lowering only to 59°F (15°C) at night.
Does Peru get a lot of rain?
Answer to this: The Eastern lowlands and Amazon rainforest have a tropical climate, with high temperatures and rainfall throughout the year. Average temperatures range from 22˚C in the eastern Andes to 31˚C in the Amazon, with annual rainfall from 1,000–3,000 mm.

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