Spain and Portugal are the two countries that settled most areas in Central and South America.
A more thorough response to your inquiry
Spain and Portugal were the two countries that played a major role in settling most areas in Central and South America. Their exploration and colonization efforts during the Age of Discovery in the 15th and 16th centuries led to the establishment of numerous colonies and territories in the region.
Spain, being the first European country to make significant voyages across the Atlantic, took the lead in exploring and settling large parts of Central and South America. Through the voyages of Christopher Columbus, Hernán Cortés, Francisco Pizarro, and others, Spain established vast territories that would later become present-day countries such as Mexico, Peru, Colombia, Argentina, and many more.
Portugal, on the other hand, set its sights primarily on the territory that is now Brazil. The Portuguese explorers, led by Pedro Álvares Cabral, made landfall in Brazil in 1500 and gradually established colonies along the eastern coastline. Brazil remained a Portuguese colony until its independence in 1822.
One interesting fact is that the Treaty of Tordesillas, signed in 1494, played a significant role in dividing the newly discovered territories in Central and South America between Spain and Portugal. The treaty aimed to avoid conflict between the two powers by establishing a boundary line, known as the Line of Demarcation, which divided the world into two spheres of influence. Anything discovered west of the line would belong to Spain, while anything discovered east of the line would belong to Portugal.
Another intriguing facet is the enduring cultural influence left behind by Spain and Portugal in Central and South America. Their languages, Spanish and Portuguese, respectively, became the predominant languages of the region. Moreover, the architecture, traditions, cuisine, and religious practices in many Central and South American countries bear a distinct Spanish and Portuguese influence.
A famous quote by Christopher Columbus captures the spirit of exploration during this era: “Following the light of the sun, we left the Old World.” This quote signifies the adventurous spirit and quest for discovery that drove the Spanish and Portuguese explorers to settle and colonize vast regions of Central and South America.
Here is a simple table showcasing some of the notable territories settled by Spain and Portugal in Central and South America:
|Country||Settled by Spain||Settled by Portugal|
Note: The table above is just a simplified representation and does not encompass all the territories settled by Spain and Portugal in Central and South America.
This video provides a comprehensive overview of the history of Central America. It begins with the arrival of Europeans and the Spanish conquest, leading to the establishment of the Audiencia of Guatemala. Central America gained independence in 1821 but struggled to unify and faced internal conflicts, resulting in the dissolution of the Federal Republic of Central America. The history of Belize and Panama differs from the rest of Central America, with Belize becoming a British Crown Colony and Panama playing a significant role in the Spanish Empire before the building of the Panama Canal by the United States. The video also discusses the territorial disputes between Guatemala and Belize, ultimately resolved through legal means, and highlights the challenges faced by Central America today, including poverty and violence.
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Spain colonized the majority of South America and Portugal colonized present-day Brazil.
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