Unveiling Brazil’s Historic Milestone: Meet the Trailblazing First Prime Minister Who Shaped a Nation

The first prime minister of Brazil was José da Silva Lisboa, also known as Viscount of Cairu. He served as prime minister from 1822 to 1823 during the early years of Brazil’s independence.

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The first prime minister of Brazil was José da Silva Lisboa, widely known as Viscount of Cairu, who held this position during the early years of Brazil’s independence, from 1822 to 1823. He played a crucial role in the political landscape of the newly formed country and contributed to shaping its destiny during a critical period.

Born on November 10, 1756, in Salvador, Bahia, José da Silva Lisboa was an influential figure in the Brazilian independence movement and a distinguished political thinker. He was appointed Prime Minister by Emperor Pedro I, who sought to establish a parliamentary system in Brazil. During his tenure, he faced numerous challenges, including political instability and the struggle to define the country’s political structure.

One significant aspect of José da Silva Lisboa’s leadership was his unwavering support for economic development and free trade. He believed in the importance of liberal economic policies to foster Brazil’s growth and prosperity. His contributions to economic thought and policy were highly regarded, and he is often considered as a pioneer of Brazilian economic liberalism.

Furthermore, the Viscount of Cairu played an essential role in drafting Brazil’s first constitution. He served as a member of the Constituent Assembly, which was responsible for shaping the country’s fundamental laws. His expertise and influence helped lay the foundation of Brazil’s political system, contributing to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy.

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To shed light on his perspective on economics and his contribution to Brazil’s development, the Viscount of Cairu stated, “The prosperity of the state does not consist in its gold or its silver; it lies in the abundance of its productive forces and in the extent of their activity.” This quote reflects his belief in the importance of productive forces and economic activity for a nation’s growth and overall welfare.

Interesting facts about José da Silva Lisboa, the first prime minister of Brazil:

  1. José da Silva Lisboa was a prolific writer and scholar. He authored several influential works on economics, politics, and law, contributing to the intellectual discourse of his time.
  2. In addition to his political activities, the Viscount of Cairu was involved in academia and education. He was one of the founding members of the Royal Academy of Sciences of Lisbon and was named director of the Academy of Fine Arts in Rio de Janeiro.
  3. The Viscount of Cairu was an advocate for social reforms and defended the rights of marginalized groups, including indigenous people and slaves, during his time in politics.
  4. He served as a diplomat, representing Brazil in several international forums, including negotiations with European powers and the United States.

To summarize José da Silva Lisboa’s role as the first prime minister of Brazil, he was a distinguished politician, economist, and thinker who played an essential role in the country’s early years of independence. Through his leadership, he advocated for economic liberalism, contributed to the drafting of Brazil’s constitution, and worked towards social reform. His legacy continues to influence Brazil’s political and economic landscape to this day.


Facts about José da Silva Lisboa
Pioneered Brazilian economic liberalism
Played a key role in drafting Brazil’s first constitution
Supported social reform and defended the rights of marginalized groups
Served as a diplomat, representing Brazil in international forums
A prolific writer and scholar, contributing to the intellectual discourse of his time
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In this video, you may find the answer to “Who was the first prime minister of Brazil?”

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Manuel Alves Branco

The first de jure officeholder was Manuel Alves Branco, Viscount of Caravelas, who was sworn in on 20 July 1847 after the office was formally created by Decree No. 523.

The political position of Prime Minister of Brazil was first created in 1847 by the Brazilian Emperor Pedro II officially as President of the Council of Ministers, but he was referred to by the press and the people as President of the Cabinet.

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