Francisco Pizarro, a Spanish conquistador, is credited with founding both Lima, the capital city of Peru, and the country itself. Pizarro led the Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire in the early 16th century, establishing Spanish rule in the region.
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Francisco Pizarro, a renowned Spanish conquistador, played a pivotal role in the establishment of both Lima, the capital city of Peru, and the country itself. Pizarro’s conquest of the Inca Empire in the early 16th century marked the beginning of Spanish dominance in the region.
Pizarro’s audacious expedition to South America led to the eventual founding of Lima on January 18, 1535. The city was strategically chosen due to its favorable location near the Pacific coast and its proximity to indigenous settlements. Pizarro named the city “Ciudad de los Reyes” (City of the Kings) as it was founded on the Catholic holiday Epiphany, celebrating the visit of the three kings to the baby Jesus.
Here is a list of interesting facts surrounding the topic:
- Pizarro arrived in Peru in 1531 and embarked on a challenging and brutal endeavor to conquer the mighty Inca Empire, led by Atahualpa. He succeeded in capturing and eventually executing Atahualpa, securing Spanish control over the region.
- Lima served as the capital of the Spanish Viceroyalty of Peru, a vast colonial territory encompassing much of present-day South America, for over 300 years.
- The historic city center of Lima, known as the “Historic Centre of Lima,” was declared a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1988 for its exceptional preservation of Spanish colonial architecture.
- Lima is considered one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the Americas, with ancient civilizations predating Pizarro’s arrival.
- The city has evolved into a vibrant metropolis, blending colonial architecture with modern infrastructure, and is renowned for its rich cultural heritage, delicious cuisine, and lively arts scene.
To emphasize the significance of Lima’s foundation and its impact on Peruvian history, I would like to quote the renowned Peruvian author Mario Vargas Llosa: “Lima, the city of the viceroys and of the conquistadors, has managed to become a collective work of art, in which the baroque and fiery spirit of its humanists and saints survives.” This quote from Vargas Llosa encapsulates the essence of Lima as a city shaped by its extraordinary history and diverse cultural influences.
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The history of Peru begins with the ancient civilization of Norte Chico, followed by the Kotosh and Chavin periods, which saw advancements in technology and the rise of urban societies. The Wari and Tiwanaku empires emerged but mysteriously fell around 1000 AD. The Inca Empire then came into power, reaching its peak with a large population and impressive constructions. However, the empire was devastated by disease brought by Spanish conquistadors and eventually fell under Spanish rule. Peru gained independence from Spain but faced conflicts and dictatorships in the 20th century. Despite this, Peru has experienced stability, economic growth, and archaeological discoveries of civilizations like the Moche. The video concludes with hints at the rich history and mysteries that Peru still holds.
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On this day January 18 th, in 1535, the city of Lima, Peru is founded by Francisco Pizarro.
Lima was founded on January 18, 1535 by Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro.
The history of Lima, the capital of Peru, began with its foundation by Francisco Pizarro on January 18, 1535.
Lima played a crucial role in the Spanish conquest of Peru. The Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro founded the city of Lima on January 18, 1535, and it served as the base for the Spanish colonization of the region.
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Lima was founded by Francisco Pizarro in 1535 on the Catholic holiday of Epiphany, when the Three Kings visited the baby Jesus, and was therefore known as Ciudad de los Reyes or City of the Kings.
The Spanish conquest of the Incas in 1532 was accompanied by several dramatic changes in Andean settlement patterns. First, the Spanish were oriented toward their European homeland. Thus, Spanish cities such as Piura (1532), Lima (1535), and Trujillo (1534) were established near ports that were the sea links to Spain.